The ability to control and manipulate light takes film production to the next level and beyond. Great lighting is often the difference between amateur and professional film. The most amazing camera in the world is nothing without great lighting.
A Gaffer, also known as the Chief Lighting Technician, is responsible for running the Grip/Electric crew and overseeing all the lighting equipment. The Gaffer works directly with the cinematographer to provide the lights and electricity needed for a given set-up during a film production.
Many cinematographers require a film production team to include a gaffer as it helps ensure that the lighting will be handled properly.
Images from two different lighting conditions
You don’t always need fancy and expensive light gears to capture stunning images. There are lights that are already available naturally and free, such as the Sun and the Moon. The ability to use available light effectively is an important skill to have.